Bark Description: Thick, hard, deeply fissured with scaly or sharp horny ridges curling out at their edges; dark gray.
Leaf Appearance: Alternate, twice pinnately compound; leaflets 40 or more, ovate, 1-3” long, entire margins. Green above; paler green beneath. Autumn color yellow.
Environmental/Economic Facts: Traditionally, Native Americans used the caramel-like pulp to treat “lunacy.” Currently, the seeds are used as a coffee. Ecologically, the leaves are a fly poison. The Kentucky Coffee-Tree can be distinguished from other trees by its huge leaves that are twice compound.